Mengenai Saya

Foto saya
Juwana Pati, Central Java, Indonesia
I am an English teacher in SMA Negeri 1 Pati. I am a father of two children Wanindyatami Firstidi Putri and Satriya Pinandhita Seconditya Putra. I am a husband of Triyanti. I live in Doropayung village Rt 7 RW. 3.I am a dreamer cause I believe if I can dream someday my dream will come true.

Rabu, 20 Januari 2010

All in one 'TEXT TYPE'

Macam-macam GENRE

1. Teks Descriptive: Teks yang mendeskripsikan benda, orang, tempat, secara spesifik.
Generic Structure nya: Identification - Description
Identification berisi: Identifikasi tentang topik yang akan dideskripsikan, misalnya: I have many pets, but my favourite one is a cat.
Description berisi: deskripsi rinci tentang bagian - bagiannya, misalnya tentang physical appearance (ciri - ciri fisik), sifat - sifatnya (characteristics)dll.
Contoh judul teks deskriptif: “My Cat”, “My House”, dll.

Hi friends! This is my friend Miranda. She comes from Sulawesi. She was born in Makasar on June 12, 1980. her hobbies are singing and swimming. She also likes planting flowers very much. She lives at 12 Jalan Jaya. She lives together with her parents and two sisters. They are Mr. and Mrs Yudhatama, Sherina and Tiara.

Miranda studies at SMP 7. Her older sister is in the first year of SMA, and Tiara is still in SD. They all love one another.

Thanksgiving day is a day for giving thanks to God for the blessing during the year. It\\\'s celebrated once a year. It\\\'s always on the fourth Thursday. The holiday is celebrated in the United States and Canada. On this day, people give thanks by feasting and praying. Thanksgiving day is usually family day. Family enjoy the big dinners and joinous reounion. The tables are crowded with delicious food to eat. American visit their family on thanksgiving day. They visit their grand mothers, grand fathers, aunts and uncles. American usually eat turkey on thanksgiving day. They also eat mashed potatoes, cranberry saved, squash and pumpkin pie. Million of American visit their relatives on thanksgiving day. They go by car, bus, train and plane.

ISSIS is Javanese word meaning ‘coolâ. So, besides the food, ISSIS Cafà offers a spacious, fully air-conditioned, cozy place. Located at Jl. Cilacap No. 8, Jakarta Pusat, ISSIS Café is famous for its European food, especially steak, barbecue ribs, salad, and soup. You might find this kind of food anywhere else, but there is no other place that offers great meals at better prices than ISSIS Café. You can enjoy a delicious imported sirloin steak for only Rp. 25,000 and ice cappuccino for only Rp. 5,500. There is also a salad bar with eight different vegetables. You can make your own salad which you can eat as much as you like, for only Rp. 12,000. The customers are mostly college students, office workers, and families.

2. Teks Procedure: Teks yang menjelaskan atau memberi petunjuk cara/langkah – langkah membuat atau melakukan sesuatu.
Generic Structure: Aim/Goal - Materials/Tools - Steps/Methods
Aim/Goal, misalnya: How to make Brownies Cake.
Materials berisi: bahan - bahan dan atau alat - alat untuk membuat Brownies tersebut.
Note: Materials are not required for all Procedure text
Steps/Methods berisi: langkah - langkah membuat Brownies
Contoh Teks Procedure: “How to make fried rice”, “How to insert SIM Card into Handphone”, dll.

How to make Lemonade

Ingredients:

For each glass use:

- 2 tablespoons of lemon juice.

- 2 tablespoons of sugar.

- 1 glass of water

Methods:

1. Slice a lemon in half and squeeze the juice into a cup.

2. Take out the seeds.

3. Pour two tablespoons of juice into glass.

4. Add sugar

5. Add water and stir well

6. Taste the lemonade. You may want to add more sugar or more lemon to make it taste just right

7. Put it in ice cubes. A drop of red food coloring will make pink lemonade

atau :

HOW TO MAKE PEANUT CRUNCH



What you’ll need :

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1 cup of peanuts

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3 cups of brown sugar

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2 tablespoons of vinegar

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1 cup of water

What to do :

Place the sugar, water and vinegar into a large saucepan.

Stir slowly over a low heat until the sugar is disolved

Add peanuts , increase the heat and allow to boil

Remove from the heat when the nuts have craked and the mixture appears golden brown

Allow bubbles to settle

Spoon into small paper patty cases or pour the mixture into a flat greased pan and mark into bite-size pieces.



Makes enough Peanut Crunch for six people


3. Teks Narrative: Teks yang berisi tentang sebuah cerita atau dongeng dan di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian.
‘Its function is to amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways; And narratives deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution’.

Generic Structure: Orientation - Complication - Resolution
Orientation berisi: Pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita.
Complication berisi: Puncak masalah/konflik dalam cerita
Resolution: Pemecahan masalah.
Contoh teks Narrative: “Snow Maiden”, “Cinderella”, “The Legend of Banyuwangi”, dll.
The Boy who cried “Wolf”

There was once a shepherd-boy who kept his flock at a little distance from the village. Once he thought he would play a trick on the villagers and have some fun at their expense. So he ran toward the village crying out, with all his might,--

"Wolf! Wolf! Come and help! The wolves are at my lambs!"

The kind villagers left their work and ran to the field to help him. But when they got there the boy laughed at them for their pains; there was no wolf there.

Still another day the boy tried the same trick, and the villagers came running to help and got laughed at again. Then one day a wolf did break into the fold and began killing the lambs. In great fright, the boy ran for help. "Wolf! Wolf!" he screamed. "There is a wolf in the flock! Help!"

The villagers heard him, but they thought it was another mean trick; no one paid the least attention, or went near him. And the shepherd-boy lost all his sheep.

Moral value:

That is the kind of thing that happens to people who lie: even when they tell the truth no one believes them.

Atau :

Once there were two him thin goats. Both of them were hungry. They were tied together with a brown rope. They wanted to eat the green leaves from two separated bushes. One bush was on the left. The other bush was on the right.

The goats thought they could do everything on their own. The first goat wanted to go to the bush on the left, but the second goat wanted to go to the bush on the right. However, the rope was short. They tried but they could not reach they bushes. They were sad.

Then, the goats decided to work together. First, they are the leaves of the bush on the right. Then, ate the leaves on the left. The leaves were delicious. They were happy.


4. Teks Recount: Teks yang berisi kejadian/ pengalaman di waktu lampau.
Its function is to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

Generic Structure: Orientation - Even(s)
Orientation berisi: Pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu.
Event (s) berisi: Kejadian/Peristiwa - peristiwa yang terjadi.
Re-orientation(Optional/Tidak harus ada): Ungkapan pribadi penulis atau penutup dari cerita.
Contoh Teks Recount: “My Unforgetable Experience”, The School Excursion”, dll.
CLASS PICNIC

Last Friday our school went to Centennial Park for a picnic

First our teachers marked the rolls and the we got on the buses. On the buses, everyone was chatting and eating. When we arrived at the park, some students played cricket, some played cards but others went for a walk with the teachers. At lunchtime, we sat together and had our picnic. Finally, at two o’clock we left for school.

We had a great day.

Atau :

An Excursion to the Botanical Garden

On Thursday 24 April we went to the Botanical Garden. We walked down and boarded the bus.

After we arrived at the garden, we walked down to the Education Centre. The third grade students went to have alook around. First, we went to the first farm and Mrs. James read us some information. Then, we looked at all the lovely plants. After that we went down to a little spot on the Botanical Garden and had a morning tea break.

Next, we did sketching and then we met the fourth grade students at the Education Centre to have lunch. Soon after that, it was time for us to go and make our terrariums while the fourth year students went to have a walk.

A lady took us into a special room and introduced herself. Then she explained what we were going to do. Next, she took us to a pyramid terrarium. It was really interesting.

After we had finished, we met the fourth grade students outside the gardens. Then we reboarded the bus and returned to school.

5. Teks Report: Teks yang isinya menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analisis. Yang dideskripsikan dapat meliputi gajala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala- gejala sosial. Deskripsi sebuah teks report dapat berupa simpulan umum misalnya tentang rumah sederhana dengan mendekripsikan ciri-ciri subyek tersebut sehingga layak dikategorikan rumah sederhana.
Generic Structure: General Classification - Description
General Classification berisi: Klasifikasi suatu fenomena (binatang, public places, tanaman, dll) yang akan didiskusikan/ dilaporkan secara umum .
Description berisi: Gambaran dari fenomena yang akan didiskusikan seperti bagian – bagiannya, kebiasaan atau tingkah laku jika benda hidup, kegunaannya jika non natural.
Contoh Teks Report: “Plants”, “Hospitals”, “Whales”, dll.
The heart is the most important part of the body. It is the center of life. However, the heart is only as big as a closed hand.

The heart is a muscle and it beats about seventy times per minute throughthout a person’s life.

The heart pumps blood from your heart to all parts of your body. The heart is made up of four chambers or small “rooms”. The top chamber are called the right and left auriclesand the botttom chambers are the right and left ventricles.

When blood enters the heart. It is in dark reddish color because it countains carbon dioxide. The blood enters the right auricle and then the right ventricle. When the heart contracts, it forces the blood to the lungs where the blood receives oxygen. It then goes to the left auricle. The heart contracts again, and the blood goes to the left ventricle and is then forced out into the body. The blood gathers carbon dioxide and returns to the heart, and the process begins again.

1. The purpose of Report is to describe things in general.
2. The Generic structure: General Classification (Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya)

3. The tense used is Present tense.
Catatan:
Dilihat dari definisi Teks Report yaitu menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analisis, maka sebelum Anda menulis teks Report, Anda harus melakukan pengamatan sistematis. Yang Anda deskripsikan bisa meliputi gejala alam, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala- gejala sosial. Deskripsi sebuah teks report dapat berupa simpulan umum misalnya tentang rumah sederhana dengan mendekripsikan ciri-ciri subyek tersebut sehingga layak dikategorikan rumah sederhana, dsb.

Ciri Kebahasaan dalam teks Report:

-general nouns, seperti ‘Reptiles in Comodo Insland’.
-relating verbs untuk menjelaskan ciri, misalnya reptiles are scaly animals (ciri ini berlaku untuk semua reptilia).
-action verbs dalam mejelaskan perilaku, misalnya lizards cannot fly.
-present tense untuk menyatakan suatu yang umum, misalnya Komodo dragons usually weight more than 160 kg.
-istilah teknis, misalnya water contains oxygen and hydrogen.
-paragraf dengan topik sentence untuk menyusun sejumlah informasi.

Contoh Teks REPORT:

Goannas

General Classification:

Goannas are large Australian lizards which belong to the reptile family.

Description:

Goannas are yellowish-brown in colour and grow to about a metre in length.

They live in burrows and eat insects, lizards, mice, eggs, and flesh of dead animals.

To breed, the female goanna lays about six eggs in a termite mound.

Australia

Australia is a large continent. It has six states and two territories.

The capital city of Australia is Canberra. It is in the Australian Capital Territory.

The population of Australia is about 20 million. The first inhabitants to live in Australia were Aboriginal people. After that people came from all over the world. The main language is English, however many other languages are spoken.

There are many plants and animals that are only found in Australia, e.g. kangaroos, platypuses, gum trees and Waratahs.

The main products and industries are wool, minerals, oil, coal, cereals and meat.

Some famous landmarks are the Harbour Bridge, the Opera House and Uluru (Ayers Rock).

Drugs

General Classification:

Drugs are chemical substances. There are three different types of drugs: stimulants, depressants and hallucinogens.

Descriptions:

Stimulants speed up the central nervous system. They increase heart rate, blood pressure and breathing. Examples are caffeine, nicotine, amphetamines, ecstasy and cocaine.

Depressants slow down the central nervous system. They decrease heart and breathing rates. Alcohol, heroin and analgesics are common examples of these types of drugs.

Hallucinogens change mood, thought and senses. LSD is the most well-known example of this type of drug.

Ini adalah contoh teks Report tentang tumbuh - tumbuhan:

Plants

Plants are living beings. They need food, water and air for survival.

Plants derive their food from the earth and the air. If you look at their roots, you will find that ends of these roots are like fine fibers. We call them root-hairs. They absorb water and minerals, then transport them upwards to the leaves through the trunk and the branches. It is the leaves which prepare the food.

The green material, chlorophyll, prepares the food like a machine. It converts the carbon dioxide taken from the air and water from the ground into sugar with the help of sunlight. This chemical reaction is called photosynthes. In fact, the chlorophyll takes energy from the sunlight and uses it to synthesize the hydrogen from water and carbon from carbon dioxide for making sugar. This reaction also gives out oxygen and water which are excreted by the leaves.


6. Discussion : Teks yang mengetengahkan suatu masalah (isu) yang ditinjau paling tidak dari 2 (dua) sudut pandang, sebelum sampai pada suatu kesimpulan atau rekomendasi.
Ciri Kebahasaan: menyatakan kategori, misalnya uniforms, alcohol, dsb, relating verbs untuk memberi informasi tentang isu yang didiskusikan, misalnya smoking is harmful, dsb. thinking verbs untuk mengungkapkan pandangan pribadi penulis, misalnya feel, believe, hope, dsb. additives, contrastives dan causal connectives untuk menghubungkan argumen, misalnya similarly, on the hand, however, dsb. detailed noun groups untuk memberikan informasi secara padu, misalnya the dumping of unwanted kittens, dsb. modalities, seperti perhaps, must, should, should have been, could be, dsb. adverbials of maner, misalnya deliberately, hopefully, dsb
Contoh teks Discussion: Gene Splicing
Issue: Genetic research has produced both exciting and frightening possibilities. Scientist are now able to create new forms of life in the laboratory due to the development
Arguments for
Points” On the one hand, the ability to create life in laboratory could greatly benefit mankind.
Elaboration:
For example, beacuse it is very expensive to obtain insulin from natural resources, scientist have developed a method to manufacture it inexpensively.
Points:
Another benficial application of genre spicing in agriculture
Elaboration :
Scientist foresee the day when new plants will be developed using nitrogen from the air instead of from fertilizer. Therefore food production could be increased. In addition, entirely new plants could be developed to feed the world’s hungry people.

7. Explanation: Teks yang menceritakan proses – proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena alam, dunia ilmiah, sosial-budaya, atau lainnya yang bertujuan.
Generic Structure: A general statement to position the reader. A sequenced explanation of why or how something occurs.
Ciri Kebahasaan: simple action verbs; abstract nouns, misalnya word chopping, earthquakes; noun phrase, conjunctions of time dan cause; passive voice; present tense; abstract nouns, misalnya the temperature; misalnya the large cloud; kalimat pasif bahasa teksni; complex sentences; adverbial phrases.
Contoh Teks Explanation: “How a Spider's Web forms”
“How a Spider's Web forms”

A Spider web looks delicate but it is very strong. It can hold 4000 times a spider’s weight. But how does it form.
First the spider spins a thread of silk. The thread gets blown over to a branch by the wind. Then she makes another two threads and makes a Y shape. Next she makes more threads and they look like spokes off a wheel. Then the spider goes in a spiral, out and back in, sits in the middle and waits for food.
This is how a web is formed.

8. Analytical Exposition: Teks yang memaparkan dan mempengaruhi audience (pendengar atau pembaca) bahwa ada masalah.

Analitycal, the purpose is to pursuade the reader or listener that something is the case.
Generic Structure: Thesis – Arguments – Reiteration
Ciri Kebahasaan: Abstract nouns, nouns, misalnya car, pollution, leaded petrol car, dsb. Technical verbs, misalnya species of misalnya policy, government, dsb. Action verbs, Relating verbs, misalnya It is important, dsb. animals, dsb. Thinking verbs, misalnya Many people believe, dsb misalnya She must save, dsb. Modal verbs, misalnya we must preserve, dsb. Bahasa: Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly,dsb. certainly, dsb. Evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb. Kalimat pasif .

SHOULD CHILDREN WEAR HATS AT SCHOOL?

(Statement of position):

I believe that you should always wear a hat at school when you are playing outside , to stop you from getting sunburn.

(Argument 1):

Firstly, if you don’t wear a hat, you will get sunburn ant the sunburn is painful.

(Argument 2):

Secondly, sunburn could lead to skin cancer. Sunburn can lead to health problems later in life. Many older people suffer from skin cancer which can kill them.

(Reinforcement of position statement):

In my opinion all school students should wear hats.

I. Thesis:
In Australia there are three levels of government, the federal government, state government and local government. All of these levels of government are necessary. This is so for a number of reasons.
Argument 1:
First, the federal givernment is necessary for the big things. They keep the economy in order and look after things like defence.
Argument 2
Similarity, the state governments look after the middle sized things. For example they look after law and order, preventing things like vandalism in schools.
Argument 3:
Finally, local governments look after the small things. They look after things like collecting rubish, otherwise everyone would have disease.
Conclusion:
Thus, for the reasons above we can conclude that the three levels of government are necessary.
II. SHOULD MUSIC BE COMPULSORY IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL?
(Statement of position):
I believe that music should be compulsory in Junior High School. Firstly, everyone likes music of some kind. Music is enjoyable.
(Argument 1):
Secondly, the music industry is very popular in our society and the music industry is a very big one. It is important to know something about it.
(Argument 2):
Thirdly, learning to play music and to play an instrument helps you with other subjects. Studies have shown this. Playing an instrument is interesting and enjoyable. Also, songs tell stories, help us with English and make us happy.
(Reinforcement of position statement):
In conclusion, for the above reasons, I believe that music should be compulsory inh Junior High School.

9. Hortatory Exposition :

Hortatory, the purpose is to persuade the reader or the listener that something should or should not be the case
Generic Structure: Thesis – Argument(s) – Recomendation
Ciri Kebahasaan: Abstract nouns, misalnya policy, ke pembicara / penulis yang mengangkat isu. Relating, Technical verbs, misalnya species of animals, dsb, government, dsb. Action verbs, Modal verbs, Thinking verbs, misalnya I believe, dsb. Modal adverbs, misalnya certainly, dsb. Simple present tense , Connectives, misalnya firstly, secondly, dsb Bahasa evaluatif, misalnya important, valuable, trustworthy, dsb. Kalimat pasif.
Ex.:

Have your say!

Each month in Have your say! We ask you to tell us what you think on an important science and technology issue. This month's issue is: Should we be spending millions on the search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)? We had a terrific response, with readers divided equally on the question. Have you made up your mind yet?

I definitely believe that we should be spending millions looking for extraterrestrials. I know some people think it is a waste of money because there are many things on your own planet we could spend the money on, but I do not think that this stop our quest for knowledge. Here are my arguments.

Firstly, if there is another kind of form out there, we need to know about it. Imagine what would happen if aliens just suddenly arrived on Earth and we were not prepared for them. It would be a disaster, even if they did not mean to hurt us. the film E. T: The Extra-Terrestrial shows how things could go wrong. The only way to be prepared for contact with aliens is to find them first.

secondly, if we find life on another planet it might help the human species survive. For example, if Earth becomes impossible to live on because of global warming, the hole in th ozone layer or some other environmental problem, we might be able to go to that planet to live.

Thirdly, finding life on another planet might make humans behave better. It might make us be nicer to each other because we would see we were all part of the one specie. We would also have to stop believing that the universe was ours, and that might make us take better care of our own planet.

To sum up, I think we should spend as much money as we can on searching for extraterrestrial for the good of all human. Beside, I think there must be something out there and I would really like to know what it is and where it is. Wouldn't you?

Into the Mouth of Babes
We are writing to you because we are concerned about the way food is being advertised to children.
What we eat now affects our health in years to come. Bad dietary habits start while we are very young. For this reason, your government support health education that encourages a balanced healthy diet. Australians are encouraged to get the bulk of their nutrients from fresh fruits, vegetables, and wholegrain cereals, a lesser amount from foods high in fat, salt and sugar.
TV advertising to children presents a completely different message. Nearly 80% of food advertising pushes fatty snacks or sweets - the very foods that should be eaten least. To make matter worse, these ads take up much of the advertising time. This must be stopped.
TV advertising is powerful and influential. Parents, however strong-willed, find it hard to resit pressures created by this advertising. Children are least able to understand the tricks of the advertising industry.
For the hours when children are the main audience, TV advertising of foods must be made to reinforce, not undermine, the message about a balanced diet. We appeal to you, as Prime Minister, to take the lead in calling together the advertisers, TV networks, consumers and public health bodies to decide how this is to be done.

Perbedaan hortatory Exp.dan spoof sangat jelas bahwa hortatory exp. digunakan untuk menyampaikan paparan tentang suatu topik. Tujuannya untuk mempengaruhi pembaca untuk tidak mempermasalahkan topik tersebut atau justru mengarahkan pembaca untuk mempermasalahkan topik yang sedang dibicarakan.

10. Spoof

Spoof is like a narrative, but the ending is usually funny.

Generic structure spoof :

Orientation -event(s)-twist.

contoh Spoof
One day, two villagers went to Jakarta. They went to the biggest mall and saw shiny silver walls that could open and move apart and back together. They were amazed when an old lady rolled in to the small room and the doors closed. A minute later, the doors opened and a young beautiful lady stepped out. The father said to his son, "Go, get your mother now."

The ending of the story is funny because they thought that the doors can change an old lady into a young beautiful lady. Whereas the doors were actually elevator doors

11. News Item
Purpose: To inform readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.
Kebahasaan:
- Use of Material Processes to retell the event.
- Use of projeting verbal Processes in Sources stage.
- Focus on Circumtances (ex: mostly within Quslifiers).
Struktur Teks: Sumber belakang: elaborasi kejadian, orang yang terlibat, tempat kejadian dsb. informasi: komentar saksi kejadian, pendapat para ahli, dsb.

Russian Nuclear Catastrophe
Moscow-A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town.
Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of Shkotovo-22 near Vladivostock.
The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobly disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor class sub marine during a refit had been a \'thermal\' and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean-up operation to remove more than 600 tons of contaminated materials were sworn to secrecy. A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

12. Anecdote:
Tujuan Komunikatif: Menceritakan insiden seperti peristiwa lucu atau tidak lazim baik berdasarkan khayalan atau kejadian nyata yang bertujuan menghibur.

Generic Structure dari Anecdote: Abstract - Orientation - Crisis – Incident

Abstract
How would you like to find a snake in your bath?
A nasty one too!

Orientation
We had just moved into a new house, which had been empty for so long that everything was in a terrible mess. Anna an I decide we would clean the bath first, so we set to, and turned on the tap.
Crisis
Suddenly to my horror, a snakes head appeared in the plug-hole. Then out slithered the rest of his long thin body. He twisted and turned on the slippery bottom of the bath, spitting and hissing at us.
Incident
For an instant I stood there quite paralysed. Then I yelled for my husband,who luckily came running and killed the snake with the handle of a broom. Anna, who was only three at the time, was quite interested in the whole business. Indeed i had to pull her out of the way or shed probably have learnt over the bath to get a better look!
Ex:
Al Brown was very good at fixing things around the house when they broke. one day, he went to another city to do some work there, and his wife was alone in the house. While Mr. Brown was away, one of the faucets on the bathtub broke. Mrs. Brown didn\'t know much about fixing broken faucets, so she telephoned a plumber.
The plumber came to the house that afternoon and fixed the faucets in a few minutes. When he finished, he gave Mrs. Brown his bill for the work.
She looked at it for several seconds and then said, \"Your prices are very high, aren\'t they? Do you know, the doctor costs less than this when he comes to the house?\"
\"Yes, I know\", answered the plumber. \"I know that very well, because I was a doctor until I was lucky enough to find this job a few months ago.\"
-->The social function of Review is to critique an art work, event for a public audience.
-->The social function of News Item is to inform readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.
-->The social function of Anecdote is to share with others an of an unusual or amusing incident.

13. REVIEW:
Tujuan Komunikatifnya: Melakukan kritik terhadap peristiwa atau karya seni untuk pembaca atau pendengar khalayak ramai.
Jenis Review meliputi: film, pertunjukan, buku, dll.
Struktur Teksnya:
Orientation - Interpretive recount/Tafsir - Evaluasi 1- Evaluasi 2, dsb. - Rangkuman.
Sudut pandangnya terfokus pada partisipan
Ciri Kebahasaan: adjectives menunjukkan sikap, seperti bad,good, dll; Menggunakan: metafor tertentu; klausa yg digunakan panjang dan kompleks;
CONTOH TEKS:
Orientation
Since the first production of ‘Private Lives’ in 1930,with the theatre’s two leading sphisticates Noel Coward and Gertrude Lawrence in the leads, the play has tended to be seen as vehicle of stars
QUT Academy of the Arts’ production boastedno’stars’, but certainly fielded potential stars in a sparkling performance that brought out just how fine a piece of craftmanship Coward’s play is. Evaluation
More than 60 years later, what new could be deduced from so familiar a theme ? Director Rod Wissler’s highly perceptive approach went beyond the glittery suface of Witty banter to the darker implications beneath
Interpretative Recount
With the shifting of attitudes to social values, it became clear that Victor and Sybyl were potentially the more admireable of the couples, with standards better adjusted than the volatile and self indulgent Elyot and Amanda. Evaluation
The wit was there, dexteously ping-ponged to and fro by a vibrant Amanda (Catherine Jones) and a suave Elyot (Daniel Kealy)
Evaluation
Julie’s Eckersley’s Sibyl was a delightful creation, and Phillip Cameron-Smith’s more serious playing was just right for Victor. Jodie Levesconte was a superb French maid. James Maclean’s set captured the Thirties atmosphere with many subtle.
Evaluative Summation
All involved deserve the highest praise.

Orientation
Since the first production of ‘Private Lives’ in 1930,with the theatre’s two leading sphisticates Noel Coward and Gertrude Lawrence in the leads, the play has tended to be seen as vehicle of stars
QUT Academy of the Arts’ production boastedno’stars’, but certainly fielded potential stars in a sparkling performance that brought out just how fine a piece of craftmanship Coward’s play is. Evaluation
More than 60 years later, what new could be deduced from so familiar a theme ? Director Rod Wissler’s highly perceptive approach went beyond the glittery suface of Witty banter to the darker implications beneath
Interpretative Recount
With the shifting of attitudes to social values, it became clear that Victor and Sybyl were potentially the more admireable of the couples, with standards better adjusted than the volatile and self indulgent Elyot and Amanda. Evaluation
The wit was there, dexteously ping-ponged to and fro by a vibrant Amanda (Catherine Jones) and a suave Elyot (Daniel Kealy)
Evaluation
Julie’s Eckersley’s Sibyl was a delightful creation, and Phillip Cameron-Smith’s more serious playing was just right for Victor. Jodie Levesconte was a superb French maid. James Maclean’s set captured the Thirties atmosphere with many subtle.
Evaluative Summation
All involved deserve the highest praise.

Contoh teks Review
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
The book takes place in modern times, in England. The main character is Harry Potter. Harry Potter is a wizard. He goes to a school for witches and wizards, called Hogwarts.
It is Harry\'s second year at Hogwarts and he and his two best friends, Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley are having a great time learning magic. There is a new professor, Gilderoy Lockhart who all the witches are crazy about. Professor Lockhart keeps nagging Harry, because the professor thinks that Harry tries to get attention to be famous. While all the witches at school love the new professor, all of the wizards think he is a big joke.
After a month of school at Hogwarts, strange attack begin to happen. First, the caretaker’s cat, Mrs. Norris, has been found, not dead, but petrified. Not only was Filch’s cat attacked, but some of the Muggle-born students at Hogwarts have been found petrified, also. Naturally, all of the students are frightened at this, but they become even more scared when the next victim to be found petrified is the Gryffindor ghost, Nearly Headless Nick.
What kind of monster is powerful enough to kill someone who is already dead? Who will be the next victim of the monster at Hogwarts? Will the victims ever be revived? To find out you must read Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. I have to say that the story was bright, fast-paced. Intriguing, and ultimately satisfying.
I like this book because it kept me wanting to read the next page, and the next, and so on. The book is definitely a page-turner. I recommend this book to nine years old and over.

Recount VS Narrative: Keduanya memakai simple past tense,yg membedakan utk recount akan ada series of events saja yg berupa urutan kegiatan yg dilakukan,sementara dlm narrative yg ada complication dimana disana ada konflik antar tokoh dlm cerita.
Description VS Report: Description menggambarkan deskripsi suatu benda,binatang,orang atau tempat secara spesifik,sedangkan report menggambarkan deskripsi benda,binatang,barang atau orang secara umum, contoh text descriptive " My cat" "Mount Merapi" etc,sedangkan contoh text report "Cat", " Mountain".
Description VS Exposition : keduanya mendiskripsikan sesuatu. perbedaan scr umum unk exposition deskripsinya sangat detail dimana poin-poin yg dideskripsikan dikupas tuntas dlm paragraf per paragraf setelah Identification.
Report VS News Item : Report menggambarkan sesuatu sesuai pandangan umum,sementara News Item informasi yg diberikan lebih singkat namun bermakna ( short but meaningful )
Discussion VS Argument : discussion selalu diawali dengan topik yg kita diskusikan diikuti dengan alasan-alasan yg mendukung,Argument diawali dengan opini penulis baru diikuti alasan-alasan yg mendukung.

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